ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIORS OF COMPETITIVE ATHLETES IN RELATION TO THE USE OF SPECIALIZED DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS DESIGNED FOR PROFESSIONAL ATHLETES
Introduction. Competitive sport entails constant demands on the body to take on physical and mental exertions on a level far exceeding the average demand in relation to the general population. Only with the right combination of diet and food products could an athlete's body be able to protect against the negative balance of calories. Therefore, supplementation is necessary, as a complement to a balanced diet. The choice of supplementation depends on the characteristics of physical activity. The aim of this study was to analyze the behaviors of athletes in competitive sports, in relation to the use of specialized dietary supplements designed for professional athletes.
Test material and test methods. Respondents were selected at random among a select group of athletes professionally practicing basketball in the I and II league, Ukrainian and Polish. The numeric state of respondents was as follows: Segment: "entire population"; 154 respondents in total, including 60 female and 94 male athletes; Segment: "Poland": total 78; 27 female athletes; 51 male athletes; Segment: "Ukraine": total 76; 33 female players; 43 male players.
The data obtained from the survey were analyzed with the use of R 3.2.2 statistical software package (R Development Core Team (2009). A p‑value of 0.05 was required for statistical significance.
Keywords: supplementation, basketball players, behavior analysis.
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